A useful summary of the outcomes of MEPC 71 and its implications for shipowners has made its way across my desk courtesy of class society ABS. We have previously devoted airtime to the seemingly intractable issue of ballast water treatment management and of course have a dedicated site covering those issues on a continuous basis. So letís focus some of the key points around air pollution and energy efficiency. The committee adopted two new NOx Emission Control Areas in the Baltic and North Seas, which will apply to ships constructed after Jan 1, 2021. Temporary exemptions were agreed considering ships immediately following the construction or those proceeding to repair. MEPC also discussed issues around the consistent implementation of the 0.5% Sulphur Cap in 2020. Tanker owners are of course concerned that without the necessary verification and control measures the cap may not be implemented effectively on a global basis and further work is needed on verification and control as well as actions to develop a standard format for reporting of non-availability of compliant fuel. Reduction of GHG emissions from ships was also discussed. Under Agenda Item Six, there were no major developments to the IMOís Data Collection System (DCS) which will collect and aggregate the fuel consumption data from international shipping on which future measures will be based. DCS remains on a different timescale to the EU MRV process and there remain differences in the data to be collected.